3D printing, which is the additive manufacturing process has come up with the creation of the physical objects from the digital design. You will come across the wide range of 3D technologies along with the materials that you can use for the 3D printing, but one common feature is that they are all working on a common principle. This common principle states that the digital model is turned into the solid and three dimensional physical objects with the addition of the material in layers.
How Does 3D Printing Work?
Whenever the 3D printers start, they usually begin as the digital 3D design file just like the blueprint of a physical object. If you are trying to print out an object without designing the file, then you are actually printing the paper sheet without any text. This design of the file has been divided into different thin layers that are transferred to the 3D printer in order to print it.
Now, the actual difference lies at this point where the process of printing varies and differs by the technology. It starts from the desktop printers that can melt the plastic material and then they lay it down on the print platform for the large industrial machines. Such machines are using the laser to melt the metal powder at very high temperatures. It can take even hours to complete the process of printing because it is completely dependent upon the size of the object you want to print. Sometimes, after the process of printing, the object is further processed in order to have the desired finishing.
The materials used for the 3D printing involve multiple types ranging from the rubber to the plastics, metals, sandstones or alloys. Each
One must keep in mind that 3D printing is one of the emerging technologies because of the numerous benefits that are provided by this technology in the field. Along with the benefits, there are some disadvantages too; that needs to be addressed to have a better outcome.
Advantages of 3D Printers
Create Complex Design
3D printing allows the designers to create the parts and shapes that are not produced by the conventional methods of manufacturing. The cost of producing the complex designs is as much as the cost to produce the simple product design.
Customize Each Item
3D Printer is offering the easy customization as you only have to change the design digitally to make the changes. It doesn’t need any tool or some expensive process of manufacturing in order to produce the desired product. Thus, each item can be customized to meet the needs of the users without the extra cost of manufacturing.
Lower Fixed Cost
when the metal casting or the injection moulding is performed, it needs a new mould for each part of the product, and thus it can increase the manufacturing cost significantly. This thing has been reduced with the help of 3D printing. You don’t have to change any aspect of this process, and this is not associated with increased fixed cost.
Speed of Prototyping
you don’t require any expensive tool to produce the 3D object. This is one of the best cost effective method for the ones who are looking for the market testing of the products or the ones who are going to launch the product. You can easily change the design of the product without even compromising anything.
Unlike other processes, 3D printing is the additive process such that you don’t have to cut your material in order to make a specific shape. So, if you are performing the 3D printing, it will only use the amount of material that is needed for creating the object.
Who Is taking advantage of 3D Printing?
The car manufacturers achieve one of the highest benefit. Nearly all the racing teams are using the help of 3D printing for the prototyping and testing. Moreover, they are able to create the parts of the car.
Do you have any idea that the new hearing aids are made with the help of 3D technology? Yes! The Medical field has also gained the advantages of this printing system, and these custom shapes are just a matter of one click.
Not only the car manufacturers, but the doctors, dentists, prosthetics, consumer product makers, drone enthusiasts, design entrepreneurs, architects, product designers, aerospace companies and many other fields are dependent on this 3D printing in order to carry out their tasks.
There are some shortcomings in the field that have to be met to get the completely satisfactory results. But despite such shortcomings, many important companies are using this technology at their best. There are following industries who are actually getting benefit from this technology, and they are also looking for the innovations in these technologies too in order to have better effects.
Medical And Dental
It seems like the medical profession is the early developmental path in the 3D technology. Moreover, it has very wide growth potential because of the personalization and customization as this technology is used to improve the process and quality of life. Dentists are using this technology enormously such as in the manufacture of dental crowns, etc. other technologies include the hip and knee implants, hearing aids, orthotic insoles for the shoes, personalized prosthetics and implants for the one’s suffering from the diseases such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Such physical objects are also being developed for the printing of the bones, skin, tissues, organs and even pharmaceuticals and still the innovations are coming this way.
Similar to the medical field, this aerospace technology is developing such that the large companies are actually working in coordination with the research and academic institutes so that they can push the technology boundaries for the manufacturing application. Aircraft development has put through this pace because of its strict and critical development.
The large aerospace users of the 3D printing are the GE/Morris Technologies, BAE Systems and Boeing, Airbus/ EADS, Rolls Royes. Nearly all of these companies are utilizing this technology in order to bring the innovations in the market with new technologies.
Again, they are among one of the rapidly adopted fields of 3D technology. Most of the high-profile companies have cut their edge of the motor sport and have followed the simple trajectory to the companies of the aerospace. Such technologies are still used for the prototyping applications.
This seems to be a little but hard to arrange this category in this list, but this is what is actually true. The design of the jewellery always needs high expertise level with the knowledge, including the fabrication, electroplating, casting, gold or silver smithing, stone engraving, cutting and polishing. All these disciplines have been highly evolved, and thus they are using this technology for the production of jewellery.
Art, Sculpture, And Design
Artists and the sculptors are the ones who engage themselves with the 3D printing in different ways to explore the form along with the function. Whether you want to learn from your own or through some setup, this is one of the best ways to introduce these results to the world. This discipline has gained a new way after being connected to the 3D scanning and thus, this field has been grown significantly, and there is a much brighter future.